Crecimiento Sagrado, si quieren ayudar con los subtítulos

Crecimiento Sagrado es un documental de Marie-Monique Robin, hay una versión toda doblada al inglés y otra toda en francés.

Incluso muestran el movimiento de huertas en Rosario pero cuando hablan están doblados (al inglés o el francés).

Subí el documental por partes en Youtube para intentarle rescatar los subtítulos automáticos y ver si, a partir de ahí, hacérselos en español.

La primera parte, que tiene los subtítulos automáticos por Youtube hechos es:



Si quieren descargar los subtítulos automáticos hechos por Youtube para corregir y/o revisar.


Todo el documental en su versión doblada al inglés:


Ojalá se pueda hacer entre varios…

Marcovaldo, para revisarle los subtítulos.

Los subtítulos hechos de forma automática por Youtube de los episodios 1, 3, 4 y 6

Otra opción para descargar los subtítulos

Si quieren descargar los videos coloquen su dirección en http://www.telechargerunevideo.com/

Sobre Marcovaldo


Marcovaldo:

Marcovaldo 1
Dirección para colocar en telecharger: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cn9giUtMZZ4


El segundo episodio de Marcovaldo en el site de la RAI
Dirección para colocar en telecharger: http://www.rai.it/dl/RaiTV/programmi/media/ContentItem-1e3ba9bd-0523-49a5-b0cf-f16b8523fd7e.html


Marcovaldo 3

Dirección para colocar en telecharger: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wWDyswMHeX8


Marcovaldo 4

Dirección para colocar en telecharger: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Ejmp-WwUsE


Marcovaldo 5

Dirección para colocar en telecharger: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Ly7weDpyKM


Marcovaldo 6

Dirección para colocar en telecharger: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_iPRxyqB8q8

Documental: Schooling the World-Escolarizando al Mundo

El documental con los subtítulos en español pegados al video y una opción en formato srt para editarlos/corregirlos/revisarlos


El documental sin subtítulos en castellano, si alguien quiere ayudar a hacerlos…
Site Oficial del Documental

El documental con los subtítulos en español pegados al video y una opción en formato srt para editarlos/corregirlos/revisarlos


Sobre el documental:

“Documental: Escolarizando al mundo

Cuestionando y respondiendo; como estamos en este “ciclo repetitivo” de nuestras propias definiciones de riqueza y pobreza – y de conocimiento e ignorancia.

Filmado en lugares de la cultura budista de Ladakh, en el norte del Himalaya indio, el documental teje las voces de los nativos a través de una conversación entre cinco pensadores:
Wade Davis, Helena Norberg-Hodge, Vandana Shiva, Masnish Jain y Dolma Tsering.
El documental examina el presupuesto escondido de la superioridad cultural por tras de los proyectos de ayuda educativa, que, en el discurso, busca ayudar a los niños a “escapar” hacía una vida “mejor”.

Señala el fracaso de la educación institucional en cumplir la promesa de sacar a las personas de la pobreza – tanto en los Estados Unidos como en el llamado mundo “en desarrollo”.

  • Link Oficial = http://schoolingtheworld.org/
  • Título original: Schooling the World: The White Man’s Last Burden
  • Fecha de Lanzamiento: October 2010 Vancouver International Film Festival
  • Estudio lost people films
  • Premios : Best Feature Documentary ~ Eugene International Film Festival Best of Fest ~ World Community Film Festival Best Documentary Honorable Mention ~ Philadelphia Independent Film Festival Special Jury Award ~ Awareness Festival, Los Angeles
  • Realizado por: Carol Black
  • Producido por: Neal Marlens, Jim Hurst, e Mark Grossan

“La libertad real vendrá cuando nos liberemos de la dominación de la educación occidental, de la cultura occidental, y del modo de vida occidental.”
( Mahatma Gandhi )

“Es necesario transformar a la información en conocimiento, después, transformar al conocimiento en sabiduría!”

“Pensar globalmente, actuar localmente.”

“Aquellos que manipulan este mecanismo invisible de la sociedad constituye un gobierno invisible que es el verdadero poder dominante de nuetro país … nuestras mentes son moldadas, nuestros gustos formados, nuestras ideas sugeridas, en gran parte por hombres de quienes nunca oímos hablar”
(Edward Bernays )

Fuente


Sobre el término Enculturación

“El sentido de la palabra inculturación se ha ido poco a poco formado junto con otros vocablos tales como “aculturación”, “transculturación”, “enculturación”.”

“Por último, la noción de enculturación, acuñado por Herskovits en 1948 (Man and His Works, Nueva York, 1952) se refiere al proceso de aprendizaje mediante el cual un individuo hace suyas las características de la cultura en la que está inmerso y, en un sentido más amplio, se refiere a la transmisión de la cultura de una generación a otra. Enculturación es sinónimo de “socialización”.”

Inculturación e inter-culturalidad en Juan Pablo II y en Benedicto XVI


vlcsnap-2016-10-03-11h31m12s281

Cuadro de 1872 “Progreso Americano” (Por EE.UU.)

vlcsnap-2016-10-03-11h31m28s047

Detalle del cuadro, los colonos blancos llegan.

vlcsnap-2016-10-03-11h31m39s107

Detalle del Cuadro: Los indios huyen.

vlcsnap-2016-10-03-11h32m09s633

La maestra blanca que lleva en su cabeza la estrella de la bandera de EE.UU. y un manual escolar

El “Sagrado Crecimiento” en versión argentina-Sacrée croissance!

Segmento de  la entrevista a Rogelio Frigerio en el programa ¿Y ahora quién podrá ayudarnos? y comentario final de Ernesto Tenembaum comentando sobre el crecimiento:


Si no lo pueden escuchar o quieren descargar el archivo de audio: visiten esta página


Si quieren escuchar toda la entrevista


Al final de la entrevista, incluso escuchando a Frigerio decir que fomentan la Minería Sustentable, ¿existe minería sustentable?, más la mineria que se hace en la Argentina…
Pero Tenembaum no puede repreguntar, a lo sumo al final dice que ojalá haya crecimiento:

  • ¿Qué es el crecimiento?
  • ¿Puede existir crecimiento infinito?
  • ¿Crecimiento con minería?

Nadie puede preguntar ni cuestionarlo, Ernesto Tenembaum luego de tener anuncios de Monsanto, IRSA y Delivery Cormillot dice ojalá que haya crecimiento


Lo de Sagrado Crecimiento tiene que ver con este documental de Marie-Monique Robin: Sacrée croissance! está en vimeo pero no tiene subtítulos, incluso las partes donde se habla en español están dobladas al francés.


Sacrée croissance from Nardisto on Vimeo.


Si quieren descargarlo en Vimeo hay una opción para hacerlo

Si alguien encuentra algún subtítulo, si es en español mejor, pero si hay algún subtítulo en inglés, francés o portugués, avisen por favor para intentar hacer los subtítulos en castellano.


Mi e-mail es:

Eduardo_g(arroba)riseup.net

¿El fin del dinero efectivo?, Programa de la radio BBC Newshour Extra


Si no lo pueden escuchar o quieren descargar el archivo de audio, visiten esta página de la BBC donde está alojado el programa está en inglés.


En el Reino Unido la mayoría de los pagos que ahora se hacen no implican efectivo. En lugar de entregar billetes y monedas, la mayoría de las transferencias se realizan electrónicamente. El banco central de Corea del Sur tiene el objetivo de eliminar el efectivo para el año 2020 y muchos otros países desean reducir la cantidad de moneda en circulación física ya que es bastante costoso. Así ¿el efectivo va a ser una cosa del pasado? Owen Bennett Jones y sus invitados discuten la posibilidad de una verdadera sociedad sin dinero en efectivo.

Fuente: BBC en este enlace hay un link para descargar el mp3 del audio


Participan en este programa:

 


Participan de este programa:

  • @pesa_africa
  • @dgwbirch
  • @Suitpossum
  • @lanala

    Archivo con la transcripción del audio y los subtítulos


    Transcripción del programa de radio hecha de forma automática por youtube para corregirla:

     

    thanks for downloading this edition of|news are extra and the topic this week
    is a cashless society now we actually|recorded this a short while ago
    the reason being that we’re playing it|now that we’re working on various other
    things coming up so lots of|pre-production going on on other
    programs but this one is an important|topic it is the question of whether we
    could go cashless and if so what would|the implications be for governments and
    for individuals and it’s a it’s a|complicated subject that’s exactly what
    we try to do one user extra I hope it’s|all clear
    so here it is this week’s news hour|extra the cashless society
    it used to be a matter of some note that|the king or queen of england never
    carried cash
    the idea was that there were always|attendance on hand to manage the grubby
    business of actually paying for whatever|took his or her fancy but today many
    people go through their daily lives|without touching a coin or note in
    Sweden many homeless people have been|given a card reader so they can take
    donations fire card from passes by so|his cash notes and coins came to be a
    thing of the past
    what would a truly cashless society look|like and what are the implications for
    the increased amount of information|governments would have a bias there is a
    reason people dodging taxes want to use|cash
    it’s much more difficult to trace|payments and where do digital so-called
    crypto currencies like Bitcoin fit in
    we’ll get to the complicated stuff in|the second half of the program but we’ll
    start with the easier side of things the|the parents of dollars to cents and the
    pence the cash backed by central banks|like the Bank of England or the federal
    reserve in the US and to discuss the|future of cash
    i’m joined here in the studio in london|by Dave birch director of innovation at
    consult Hyperion and electronics|transactions consultancy we’ll ask you
    to decode that later
    good evening and a visiting professor at|the University of Surrey business school
    and we got Bret Scott author of the|heretics guide to global finance hacking
    the future of money and he is a former|derivatives broker and the senior fellow
    at the finance innovation lab and|remember cambridge massachusetts we got
    Lana Schwartz who is an assistant|professor of Media Studies at the
    University of Virginia and in nairobi in|the BBC bureau there Michael kimani
    co-founder and CEO at Marty blockchain|limited and that’s a company bringing
    Bitcoin technology to East Africa and|we’ll hear all about that Michael in a
    bit but first of all I just want to know|how cashless you lot are so what why
    don’t you start breath any cash on you
    yes i have coins and notes very|old-fashioned of yeah I should just
    putting on shoes for some coins at the|shot at Dave no no cash
    you don’t carry cash no well generally|not know where does that lead you into
    trouble so I’m just so she someone just|told me you tried to get a coffee in the
    BBC machine and it needed cash daddy|takes cash i couldn’t get a coffee for
    that’s tragic introduction to this young|lovers once we got the cash money i do I
    have coins and notes and i also have a|number of strange things like a burke
    share which is a piece of currency|printed by a local alternative currency
    group in western Massachusetts all kinds|of loyalty cards
    I’m just like that one the local|currency was that so a group of folks in
    the Berkshire Mountains and area in|western Massachusetts got together and
    decided to create a currency that would|only be used in their local community
    and they can you know decided to get a|certain amount of their paycheck if they
    work for one of those small local|businesses in the Berkshire and they can
    spend it at the local businesses
    I think it’s really more of a kind of|statement of community solidarity that
    it is an actual you know system of|economic exchange but it’s been going on
    for decades and there are local currency|groups like this all over the world
    actually I never never knew about that|and we’ll maybe hear what that means
    later on and Michael commodity in|Nairobi you’ve got cash on you think
    no actually only have been PESA and|debit card on me and some bitcoins on my
    phone I don’t have any kush bitcoins|m-pesa and and your cart and 11 bunkered
    we’re gonna be able to advanced|countries don’t need cash anymore own
    but we’re going to hear what pressure is|taking my row be way ahead of London in
    a moment but first of all let’s just|deal with this basic question of whether
    it is going to be possible for two of|our guests not having cash to live
    satisfactorily and what the advantages|are of a cashless society so Dave but
    why do you get us underway you come here|without any cash you didn’t get your
    coffee but you’re basically basically|happy I think to be cashless why is it a
    good thing I think you can break into|sort of three separate areas really so
    there’s an issue around economic|efficiency cash is obviously rather
    inefficient as a mechanism the costs of|cash are very high
    I mean they’re very diffuse but they’re|very high and
    also for very unfairly on the least well|off so i think there’s an argument for
    innovation and invention if everybody|was using electronic money then
    inventive people like Brett would build|new applications new services new
    products on top of it which would be|fantastic and would be open to everybody
    and there’s an inescapable law|enforcement argument which is that even
    the Bank of England’s own figures say|that I think what a quarter of the money
    that’s in circulation is used for what|they call transactional purposes most of
    the cash out there is really only used|for money laundering drug dealing tax
    evasion and so on just under one you’re|saying i have been some sort of get that
    in that in that you going to print it|and it’s actually more expensive than
    you think to do that but why would that|fall disproportionately on the poor well
    you know if i nip out at the ATM in the|middle of the night to get 300 quid to
    buy some cocaine I don’t really care if|the atms going to charge me two pounds
    or three pounds or something like that|but if I’m trying final benefits and
    trying to draw route 10 pounds the cost|of cash acquisition significant also
    you’re trapped in a cash economy you|don’t have access to the special offers
    the good deals being able to buy things|online you’re at the mercy of people who
    are unscrupulous it’s the poor people|who are trapped in the cash economy who
    are mugged and robbed and they lose|their money and have no insurance and so
    on people in the middle classes in the|UK they’re essentially debit card users
    and I think that’s can’t be right i|think we need more of a sort of national
    strategy towards this
    okay before we go to ladder and class|politics let’s let’s let’s deal with
    Michael who’s also cashless so you is|similarly enthusiastic and see these
    advantages Michael I think whatever|observed here is a rush is on the
    decline but it’s on some segments really|because the only reason i have a big
    garden best on meats cause where I’m|coming from my just boarded a taxi here
    and i’m going to i can easily pay for|things with with them personal with my
    debit cut but two months ago I was|staying somewhere completely different
    that makes overall in urban and is a|wider
    this is out there where is she still the|major form of construction so it’s a bit
    of class element here where most people|who are using this cashless transactions
    often and regularly are more likely to|be found in the Porsche suburbs of
    collection for example like where I’m|coming from but a large part of the
    population doesn’t live around such|places they live somewhere where a lot
    of transactions are conducted in crush|but what to you is the advantage of
    using these electronic methods you’re|describing rather than using cash so
    like not safe from cutting this i know|there’s no way I’m going to lose money
    also think it’s a fast way to pay i can|make remote payments right now I could
    send money to my aunt in the rural areas|right now in one minute
    so there is an efficiency of using cash|register on sanctions Lana Swartz can
    you just tell us your view on this yet|that the basic issue here is is is
    cashless nurse coming and in I don’t|know 10 15 20 years will they really be
    very smaller amounts of cash around what|you think
    well i would say that rumors of the|death of cash at this point are highly
    of overstated
    that’s not to say that it isn’t coming|but i think that people have been
    dreaming of a cashless society for|almost as long as cash has existed so I
    think about Edward Bellamy who wrote in|the eighteen eighties about the coming
    cashless future of course he dreamed of|this sort of state utopianism where
    would all use a credit card to access|you can cooperatively produced goods and
    services and then I think about the|1960s where people were imagining again
    the cacistis was just around the corner|but for them it was about this sort of
    seamlessness of travel but to me it’s|sort of like the paperless office which
    is now over 30 years old it’s this|vision that we keep having just around
    the corner that as much a part of|idealized majority as the jetpack but in
    terms of whether or not classless would|be a good thing or bad thing I don’t
    think it would necessarily be a bad|thing and I don’t think there’s any
    reason to fetishize cash for caches sake|but i do think that having a public
    infrastructure for every day payment
    is a huge achievement and it’s something|we should think very carefully as we try
    to attempt to replace it but she’s|especially just breaking it is being
    replaced isn’t it I mean if you go to|the UK is now I think 52-percent
    transactions and non-cash in Scandinavia|caches much less important than it used
    to be it is sort of going out of fashion
    i would say that the fashion of|casualness is not evenly distributed
    across the world there are countries|where almost all transactions are done
    in cash and there are countries where|we’re seeing more and more cash lessness
    as an academic observer of this trend i|personally have had a hard time finding
    particularly good data on the actual|volume of transactions in part because
    many of these reports are either|produced by the electronic payments
    industry or the cash handling industry|both of which have their own agendas but
    i do think that even though we are|seeing a decline in the use of cash you
    know anecdotally broadly-based it’s hard|to know whether we’re moving towards a
    cache light society or a society in|which cash is used less and last but
    used for particular purposes or by|particular people and I think it remains
    to be seen whether that solves the kind|of class problems that Dave points to
    order it creates new ones and brad scott|how do you see the future planning at
    themselves the amount of casual be used|the key proponents of this future story
    about the impending cashless society|often comes from the payments industry
    itself one of the key ways that you|promote your interest and societies to
    talk about things that they are|inevitable
    so you say them as if they’re already|happening and everyone else feels
    slightly stupid for not having realizing|that they’ve behind that the curve
    somehow so there’s like the big be aware|that a lot of the the narrative pushed
    out comes from these companies and they|often want you to think about cash as
    being this dirty inefficient|crime-ridden type of system but it’s
    really not a parent that actually the|alternative offers solutions to those
    problems i mean actually for many people|are cash that pretty efficient easy
    flexible system to use for small|transactions and actually one of the
    reasons why I mean David poor people
    positive cash flow and actually the|payment systems often inaccessible to
    poor people simply because they’re not|profitable enough for payments companies
    to take the ones customers a lot of poor|people don’t have a bank account exactly
    the cash is actually one of the few|things that enable them to engage in
    India Commonwealth electrical is to|diverge from your you the spokesman
    wittingly or unwittingly of of the|corporations who are trying to persuade
    us that they can that we should be|cached so they can make more money i
    think there’s two parts that argument so|first of all you got to break out what
    the you know somebody is paying for atms|and vans for the armed guards and tills
    and all this sort of thing so those|costs are real so even if the cost of
    electronic payments were exactly the|same as the cost of cash payments would
    still be worth doing for the other|benefits the Brett . is actually i think
    is slightly different . and in my|opinion more important point which is to
    do with inclusion and access to|financial services so the way the system
    is structured at the moment there are|two competing tensions because on the
    one hand you’ve got rules about|know-your-customer anti-money laundering
    counter-terrorist financing politically|exposed persons which act to raise the
    cost of entry to the financial system|and on the other hand you have these
    goals for financial social inclusion|which you can’t meet that everybody can
    come into the financial system so i|agree with him that we need a more
    rational settlement about that I you|know I just feel that 71 involve
    electronic payments right let’s just|understand from Michael kimani how
    things are developing in Kennex is very|very interesting that’s either way I
    think you’ve dropped a generation|technology that some people saying and I
    just want you to talk through it Michael|as to how this compressor system work is
    it works it’s been around a decade i|think yeah and press has been around for
    quite a while now and fuck that was|trying to think about how my life was
    like before i started using a better and|I just couldn’t pin it down so
    impressive lockup is like a wallet that|you just deposit some electronic funds
    in it you can send money to someone|who’s 500 kilometers away from you you
    can make utility payments you can pay|for electricity and water and what’s
    emerging Nadi’s is you can pay for|government services using this
    electronic funds so
    again this is all on your mobile.phone|right yes this is on a mobile phone from
    wherever you are you could be in the con|you could be in your bed so there is
    some efficiency to that you’re sending|money from here to Mombasa like is not
    the way to do that that’s as quick so a|lot of the people who are using MSR
    they’re using it for places where it’s|it’s really a much superior option but
    do you need a bad card before you start|using it all you need is a national ID
    and you just walk over to the closest|agent could be a hundred meters from
    where I leave you sign up and instantly|you have a financial tool on your phone
    that you can use to access this broad|array of financial services so yeah it’s
    way better than a bank
    okay but you have to give the region|five hundred dollars on a hundred
    dollars or whatever you’re starting with|right to have the credit in your wallet
    yes so what happened is a electronic|value has to be a way to convert what
    you have in cash into this electronic|value this ambassador and right now
    right now there’s a huge agency network|where you have these people who just sit
    somewhere and wait for people to come|and deposit cash and get electronic
    funds or sometimes the reverse so the|agent Network really helped onboarding
    people onto this financial tool right|Lana I think they’re not the similar
    systems in the US venmo for example|which could you talk a story was written
    by does yeah venmo is a very interesting|system that seems to be widely used
    among people under 25 and not used by|anyone over 25 not even heard of and
    it’s basically a system where you can|send payments to your friends and
    annotate those payments with little|little notes like a little pair of
    margarita glass emojis or a note saying|you know thanks for the good time or or
    I’m paying for rent or whatever you’d|like and then you can watch your friends
    as they pay each other for things and|sort of see the way that money and
    payments map the social network and the|social experiences of your friendships
    and it’s become an immensely popular for|that reason because as we sort of
    scholars of money have long suspected|money is much more than just this you
    know calculating rational economic|exchange it’s actually a social
    transaction that has meaning the piece|that’s less exciting for many young
    people even those who are are using|venmo is that those annotations and that
    social grid is also being used for|purposes of data collection for
    developing new kinds of predictive|analytics around fraud around crime
    around advertising and around a bunch of|things that you know we’re not even
    really sure what that data will be used|for yet
    yes very but let me just bragging that|diverges just had to me as fuck he’s one
    of his files for with ya and and it has|a memo page on it so sarah has paid IV
    laura has paid to razor Chelsea page|about the sex sorry I lacked a champagne
    bottle
    it’s amazing what people if that is a|website you can go to add this greatly
    adds to the gay tianjin by
    away there’s a website you can go to|which lists all of the venmo
    transactions that involve whatever|keywords you put in and people actually
    do post so you know all those people|because they just don’t want people in
    my network it depends the private|meeting on to look at those it is fun so
    that the privacy settings by default are|open so if I’m crawling the public API
    the public website of venmo I can see|the transactions of anyone who hasn’t
    changed their privacy settings i|personally use venmo and I have set my
    privacy settings to private so no one|not even my friends can see when I dream
    I spoils you enjoy looking at it so|there was a website a couple of years
    ago that crawled this public API for|mentions of sex drugs and alcohol i love
    on so-called vice- I know it’s hilarious|but the scary thing about it is you can
    see someone saying oh I’m paying Dave|for margaritas and all kinds of other
    passes through the Weed Man
    yeah exactly here’s my new brand crusher|to bridge sorry for not yes exactly
    only that but I can relate and see|everything else that Dave is paying for
    so i can see that his parents are paying|his rent sending him fame memo and you
    can see everything else just wrapping up|his first of programming just gonna
    start with you David will come to Brett|as well it seems to me that these
    systems are ya they have convenience and|particularly in kenya of people haven’t
    got banks is gonna make their life|significantly easier but they’re not
    terribly profound they’re just ways of|adapting the cash system to make it
    slightly easier for more people yes i|think i think the dynamic is that as you
    move towards a cashless society as cash|becomes purely electronic then the costs
    of introducing alternatives begin to|fall if I want to try and persuade
    waitrose to accept Dave money or|whatever they have to install new tills
    I mean it’s ludicrous it would make any|sense when you’re in all electronic
    world the idea that they could choose|instantaneously to pay with either pound
    sterling or air miles or bitcoins are|imp you know and actually I probably
    wouldn’t even be bothered to get|involved and I just let my phone to it
    because it’s boring I’m iphone take care|for
    things so the move towards cash business|in one sense his presence could just
    replacing papers but what enables i|think is much more profound and when
    when Lana mention things like Berkshires|I think that’s more of a window into the
    future than it seems at first glance
    ok brother just as we wrap up this is|built on cash business as one point I
    wanted to raise which is obviously if|everything’s on record it gives
    government’s more power to monitor so|there’s a privacy issue but there’s also
    their huge power of government then|because if everything is electronic and
    they and the government switches it off|and there’s no cash that you be in real
    trouble
    I mean you could even buy your next meal|yeah I’m can make a broader point about
    this that you don’t understand this|debate you got to understand the two
    different ways you can basically create|many systems the cash system is
    essentially bearer instruments actual|physical physical representations of
    money that you carry around and people|often imagine many like this and you
    imagine getting rich as accumulating|these physical objects but throughout
    history there’s always been a second for|money which is ledger money which is
    basically somebody has a database of|some sort whether it’s a book or a
    computer and they keep score of your|monetary tokens for you this nowadays is
    run by the banking system is your bank|account essentially and the only what
    you need to run the system is you need a|secure way to communicate with whoever
    controls the ledger and you need to have|a way to identify yourself and then you
    ask them to edit these ledges for you so|when you’re talking about the rising
    cashless society what we’re talking|about is removing the physical barrier
    instrument for money and replacing a|completely with these Ledger’s systems
    the key point about alleged system is|that you have to have an intermediary
    involved in the ledger system and the|entire FinTech industry what is a
    significant proportion of the|innovations essentially just building
    new layers on top of this existing bank|payment system and of course that’s not
    opens up with potentiality for example|in a hypothetical scenario where you
    actually you remove the ability of cash|you have no option but to use these
    intermediaries and that creates a long|data trail of almost every single
    element of your life which has|surveillance potential but it also has
    censorship potential so for example|imagine a theocratic regime who in some
    future scenario only allows essentially|bank payments or
    called cashless payments and they decide|they don’t like certain types of
    transactions for example you will not be|able to buy books on what I don’t like
    yeah I exactly if we’re going to move to|these systems we have to have systems
    that have privacy built into them where|i disappoint yeah we’ve added something
    like regret is that privacy and|anonymity and not synonymous with our
    privacy we all know that any any any|data can be broken into a child myself
    yeah yeah I think I’m better to talk|about the potential of censorship and I
    think this is a case that happened|recently in Uganda where they had an
    election a couple of months ago and a|lot of people have moved money startup
    in their phones but the government just|woke up one day and decided to to sense
    that this money for for about two days|people cannot take out their money for
    two days
    this is exactly what Brad Scott is|talking about like if you’re if you’re
    going to allow someone to hold all this|money than this that risk of something
    like that happening and what happened is|immediately after the mobile money was
    was released people went out in droves|and just threw all their money back into
    crush so I think this is a riskier that|if you’re going to rely on one person
    with this ledger money that something|like that could happen one of the very
    famous case studies i used to my last|book which is very well known in
    military circles is the irish bank|strikes of the nineteen seventies where
    they were National Bank strikes and all|money went out of circulation very very
    quickly within the space of a few days|there was no money in the country and
    yet the economy continued perfectly well|because Lana’s . about the locality in
    the next generation of money as well|made what would happen is people just
    write each other iou’s and people who|knew everybody basically pubs would
    serve as the clearing houses for the|iou’s like if the government takes away
    the money you can use some other money|order to take a short break now you’re
    listening to use our extra if you want|to email us it’s news hour . extra at
    BBC . coat UK to stay with us as we get|slightly more complicated as we think
    about the future of cash and the future|of money
    yeah
    welcome back to news hour extra this is|own patterns and this week we’re looking
    at the future of cash and we talked in|the first half about what happens if
    coins and notes are eliminated what the|issues underlying that but what about
    the more radical options in the future|money that isn’t backed by any kind of
    central authority and just a reminder of|our panel we’ve got David birch director
    of innovation Act consult Hyperion Brett|Scott author of the heretics guide to
    global finance Lana Swartz who is an|assistant professor of Media Studies at
    the University of Virginia and Michael|kimani co-founder and CEO of a company
    in Nairobi that Scott bit coin|technology and that’s the key word mac
    Brett can you can you do that for us|what is Bitcoin how does it work
    I think the key initial thing to think|about bitcoin is it’s a digital currency
    system that does not rely upon banks in|order to exist that’s the point 1 i’m i
    disagree with the idea that bitcoin is|digital cash the key feature of cash is
    that it’s a barrier instrument nobody|knows that you hold it you can pass from
    person to person
    bitcoin is much more accurately|described as a decentralized version of
    the existing bank payment system so it’s|a decentralized ledger money system as
    opposed to a centralized legend system|at the bank’s run and the key thing
    about a legend money system as it|involves people sending sending messages
    to her controls the ledger asking them|to edit the ledger in the bank payment
    system you send messages your bank|asking them to do that in the Bitcoin
    system you send messages to the network|asking them to change illogical the
    blockchain I thought the big significant|thing about it was not so much that it
    cut the banks at all that’s a big deal|but it cut the central banks and so
    there’s no government control of the|currency
    well you can’t separate a commercial|banks in central bank’s I mean that the
    monetary system is a combination of|actions by the central bank that are
    then amplified by the commercial banks|are all part of one one unified system
    ok and Michael communicate so how|profound in your view is Bitcoin we’ve
    been talking about debit cards and even|is this system you’ve got on mobile
    phones and can you have how much does
    that context into new territory i think|from because it’s a it’s a digital
    currency and it’s peer-to-peer some of|the things I’m observing here is people
    are using it for global commerce because|what I was describing within PESA is
    when your atonement you want to send|money to your arms 500 kilometers away
    you don’t really have to leave where you|are and bitcoin is also enabling this
    where you can see on your couch and send|value across the world to anyone and
    this is where i can see the other|doctors here are picking up on it where
    they’re using Bitcoin to bridge the gap|between the country and traders or
    people providing services somewhere else|in the world so I think that has huge
    implications because it’s connecting to|people directly and the conductance
    action like they would anywhere else|without having to go to anyone i think
    is that’s a really big thing at dave /|just disappointed me I heard him
    I’m zipping is is his sack sack and I|thought he was gonna get a Bitcoin and
    you didn’t your phone charger i did have|some bacon on my phone so I think it’s
    important to note that you cannot|actually hold Bitcoin on your phone all
    you can do is control an account on it|in a global ledger from your phone
    that’s all that’s all you actually have|so so the idea that you somehow can pass
    money from one computer to another is|erroneous that the key thing what you’re
    doing is that there’s a single large|record of who has what and you get
    access via these devices and that’s|that’s like the key things to look at a
    lot of Atlanta yes can you come in again|no one of your points is that it’s
    become a commodity rather than the|currency can you talk us through that so
    I do want to say that I mean Bitcoin has|been tremendously fecund for the
    imagination of so many different people|are trying to rethink and reimagine
    money and there are lots of ways to|define it and that way is shifting but
    contrary to I want to just gonna push|back on on Brett’s pushing back on the
    definition of it not being a digital|cash and point out that the original
    white paper that launched the Bitcoin|project was called Bitcoin appeared
    appear electronic cash system and at in|the beginning at least according to my
    research on my observations
    many of the early earliest adopters|would when the Bitcoin community was
    very small
    we’re interested in creating a mutually|produced which means everyone chips in
    just a little bit shared infrastructure|to send private secure messages and
    those messages would contain monetary|value and the way they did that as Brett
    correctly pointed out was to have|everyone’s computer host version of this
    shared ledger the single ledger and so|when I would say send my bits and one
    bitcoin to Brett I would paint i would|write well i would write to the ledger
    saying Lana’s Bitcoin goes to brett and|that would all be synonymous and it
    wouldn’t actually be my computer saying|that exactly it would be all of the
    computers agreeing on the same version|of that ledger but the important thing
    you know it’s very easy to get lost in|the mystification of of Bitcoin
    blockchain is this difficult and arcane|technological system but the point as I
    see it is that originally it was|imagined by some as a way of having a
    shared voluntarily produced|infrastructure for sending private
    payments what has happened and what has|driven so much of the attention to
    bitcoin is how much those individual|quote-unquote bitcoins are worth
    and those two things so bitcoin is this|this private secure payments rail and
    Bitcoin as this speculative commodity|like gold as many would say may seem to
    be compatible with each other but I|would argue that there in fact not
    compatible
    what we’ve seen is that speculation on|the price of Bitcoin and attempts to get
    as many bitcoins possible have created|not this system of mutually volunteer
    mystic you shared computing but instead|of consolidation and industrialization
    of Bitcoin miners anything on a clean|record breaking back as it is quite
    complicated stuff and we’re getting|Michael because Michael was saying that
    in Africa he is seeing people use it as|a method of exchange across borders and
    it’s a convenient way to do that and yet|we’re hearing from one of their Michael
    that it’s become something people|speculated to make profit as if it were
    a commodity
    do you see a contradiction no I think|there’s no problem it can be both it can
    get a commodity that has value but then|because you can exchange it
    it can also sort of like money so i|don’t think there’s any reason why it
    can be both
    and if you look at what people like I|using this other people here were using
    it for for the speculation aspect of it|as a commodity or trading it but also
    people who are buying the way they go to|a bank in the traditional sense asked by
    dollars and then use this dollars to|send value to someone else but because
    of the way Bitcoin works which markets|it’s much faster than that it’s it’s
    more convenient and that you don’t have|to go to a bank to ask for dollars you
    can just buy these things called Bitcoin|from an online agent remembers telling
    about Allah and pester you could you|walk to an investor agent on a physical
    space but Bitcoin you just get in touch|with an agent online they send you these
    things called bitcoins and you can use|this bitcoins to send them to write
    someone your bank something for ya but|Michael you give them dollars for a cash
    you can you get them established|currency together with bitcoins right
    yes yes I get it it’s a safe exchanging|your traditional money for like
    concurrency four dollars but in this|case exchange’ and passive for example
    for this thing called Bitcoin whatever|you call it when it’s a commodity or
    currency or whatever
    yeah but it has value and you can|transmit it to someone else that is what
    together and i will take place when|you’re trying to come in but just to go
    to break you told me earlier you bought|a pizza with Bitcoin the other day so
    presumably that piece of supplier is is|making bitcoins and trading in bitcoins
    and maybe paying his suppliers and|bitcoins so does that mean there’s a
    whole little tiny bit of the economy a|pea-sized restaurant besides bit of the
    economy that is out of control of the|government and that their power to
    control the money supply is dented to|the extent of that restaurant is active
    not really no I mean I think the key|thing about recording is is like it
    hypothetically could be a currency|system it’s basically a electronic
    infrastructure that you could implement|the current system on but the key the
    key thing about a currency is that we|use its to value all other goods in an
    economy right so you let you can be you|know coffees your uber ride to whatever
    but coin right now is actually perceived|as being just another commodity in a for
    example dollar-denominated economy so|when people say for example you like
    ridiculous things online people say oh|the dollar is depreciating relative
    Bitcoin because the price of bitcoin is|going up its that’s like it’s like
    saying the dollars depreciating to a|beyoncé tickets because they’re limited
    edition their prices rising it’s just|another commodity again today virtually
    me do the future may not be bitcoins it|may be another variant of this that is
    more successful it becomes an effective|global currency right well i would say
    that the bumper sticker version of it|would be the future of money isn’t
    Bitcoin but future bit going isn’t money
    so in other words I don’t think bitcoins|money and actually a US Court ruled this
    yesterday so I feel him that can see big|one isn’t money it’s a funny kind of
    digital commodity it’s also not a|terribly good payment system and however
    the technology which sits underneath it
    Craig Wright the Australian who was|outed as the supposed satoshi nakamoto
    in one of his last factor for the|founder of laboratory at the creator of
    Bitcoin I have no comment whether he was|or was not but one of his last blog post
    before all went offline he said and I|and I thought this is very profound
    he said the way to see big things is a|global shared security system it’s a way
    of making things
    this secure so you don’t have to trust|anybody in particular to maintain that
    security and that’s the potential|foundation of new ways of doing things
    you processes new business new markets I|I i buy and a new currency whether it’s
    a new currency or not i personally think|it’s slightly unlikely because I suspect
    the future occurrences is more related|to the communities that use them it’s
    more local local but local in the|physical and virtual state is there
    anyone here who thinks that a Bitcoin|type thing could become a currently it
    would be a currency if you actually|priced goods in it exclusively but
    apparently bought was yeah but in|reality what they’re doing is that
    they’ve they buy this applies with|british pounds and then converted by the
    market value of Bitcoin for british|pounds as well and they work out an
    equivalence so I like the fact that mean|i use Bitcoin party because it’s the one
    current alternative to the bank payment|system and I like the fact that there’s
    an alternative but i think it’s a bit|misleading just say it’s actually
    behaves like a currency system it’s|essentially a digital token that you can
    transfer vaio you collectively|maintained digital ledger and as they
    didn’t mention there’s many things you|can transfer by a collective maintain
    digital ledger but it forms but one part|of a potential future if you conduct the
    thought experiment about what what might|replace the current 60 for example to
    his an easy way to frame the argument we|don’t like we will think the euros a bit
    silly because it makes no sense to have|germany and grease in the same currency
    union to make any sense because they|have different economies and blah blah
    blah
    by the same token it doesn’t make any|sense of London middlesbrough in the
    same currency system because they’ve got|distracted and/or think it’s a tenant of
    England so so if you construct the|thought experiment and say well okay
    well let’s imagine that we decided we|were gonna have London money and take
    London out the sterling zone because it|stores sterling so much what would that
    money look like my argument is it would|look more like em pairs than it looks
    like Bitcoin and I I genuinely think|that so the idea that you would have
    somebody who have manages and controls|it but with privacy built-in seems to me
    much more plausible than it would be a|crypto
    dancing and Michael you go along with|that right up
    first of all I’d like to I think but|said i love that Bitcoin doesn’t is not
    a good payment system and I think that’s|debatable because that really depends on
    what country or form
    there’s a report that came out just that|they’re from citibank that’s a emerging
    countries suffer from from poor|infrastructure for payments and that’s
    something we’ve absorbed in kenya where|when you just if you’re trying to send
    value from Kenya to another country it’s|really really really difficult i have to
    walk to my bank to get dollars and then|he takes like three days and you can
    imagine this VIP level if someone is|trying to send like 1000 kind of
    feelings are really small amount and the|people who are you using this for
    payments right now are confirming that|there is a problem sending value from
    Kenya to other places like there’s a|problem with the payments infrastructure
    that all the cost ya bitcoin and if you|do just that this morning still don’t
    know exactly the right now but as of|this morning the mining take on bitcoins
    about 1.35 one-point-four percent the|idea that bitcoin is a cheap or is just
    wrong is that the other costs are hidden|at the moment because they’re giving
    away from great yours right mind is|gonna go for it also
    yeah I mean you’re also you’re talking|about mining costs but for the most part
    if you’re trying to use Bitcoin in|everyday life you’re using Bitcoin ATMs
    Bitcoin debit cards Bitcoin intermediate|a variety of Bitcoin intermediate which
    also take take a take
    I mean so it’s your what is wound up|happening as far as i can tell is that
    the pre many of the attributes and the|cost of the pre-existing payment system
    have just been rebuilt and on time to|become bread can you explain the mining
    side of because of her herd references|word mining bitcoins what does that mean
    I’m an existing bank payment system when|you’re making a payment to be getting
    the banks to edit those ledges for you
    essentially they have I mean you can|imagine that being salaried employees to
    do it for your at and who essentially|process the payments the best thing
    about the miners are there like a|decentralized group of techno clerks who
    changed the ledger for you in the|Bitcoin system and and tribute your
    money to a new account so moving from|your kind of somebody else and I got it
    I got the impression earlier when|someone does that they make more
    bitcoins
    so the clear what the the way it works|in the existing bank system there’s a
    distinction between who issues the money|and how the money gets issued and then
    how you move it around it was called the|issuance process happens why the credit
    creation of money process so what’s|called fractional reserve banking and
    there’s a payment system that moves that|money around between accounts in the
    Bitcoin system fuse those things into|one where the reward for maintaining the
    payment right thumb is you get issued|new money
    yes and that’s how they’re that’s a|clever trick they get themselves and
    create more money
    yeah and they’re basically what that|entails is that you’re a while is that
    you if you the person who manages to|maintain the ledger you get to write in
    any amount of money for yourself
    ok oh and sorry what’s your point well|at some point in the not-too distant
    future in global terms all of the|bitcoins will have been mined so then if
    you want people to process these|transactions you’ll have to pay them a
    $MONEY transaction fee because they|won’t be getting the mining reward and
    my point is that transaction fee does|not make Bitcoin instant cheap or free
    it isn’t that that’s not to say other|people won’t come up with other systems
    that that might but Michael yeah i just|thought that maybe that shows hope for
    the infrastructure here is if people are|willing to pay the remaining cost i
    guess we have to see how that I agree|with that
    ok so i think we all got that . he also|liked that everything backwards over a
    good but if its Lucas what your|comparative and if it can you can’t do
    that . you can get your money out easily|it may be better yeah can I make a point
    on this this kind of the future of money|that mean we people to what the future
    might essentially took my different|elements of money tree system that you
    can change a large part of what’s called|the future money in mainstream circles
    is how do you change the existing way we|interact with the bank database systems
    where the slack music fingerprinted my|facial recognition on my mobile thought
    whatever yeah and what but we’re Bitcoin|hits is changing the power dynamics of
    who gets to control the database systems|that’s what are essentially all it does
    but you there’s many other alternative|many forms which change different
    elements for example you look at this|their system that change who gets to
    issue the money
    select mutual credit systems you can|change what the money is redeemable
    redeemable for so for example local|currency systems at the brixton pound
    which i use is a redeemer ability change|too many as you can only use it in
    certain things you can change the|politics of the financial institutions
    that dominate the
    you know the actual payments resident|that’s what financial reform movements
    about do you feel breath i mean i think|given the potential variety of
    communities that could become an issue|as in that in because the technology is
    available to all of them
    I i have a feeling that the idea that|communities the issue currencies that
    are embedded with certain values of|those communities will gain traction so
    people will opt into the communities|they want to belong to through the money
    and the transaction costs within those|communities will be minimized through
    the use of these systems where’s the|transaction costs between them or
    potentially go up everything I’ve asked|this question before and I is still
    bothering me because I I’d economics at|school and I i thought i was told at
    that time but governments want to|control the money supply that it’s a big
    power and hid and they try to do that|and it’s an important thing for that we
    have seen it with this post praxis|situation it made a difference when
    banco government the government comes up|and says things about the money supply
    it sort of matters so if they’re all|these local currency unions and whatever
    doesn’t that undermine that government|power i think the long-term history of
    the interrelationship between technology|and money is is a steady history of
    decentralization and right now we’re|leaving in the sort of post-industrial
    revolution settlement between sovereign|city which is bread said granted the
    money creation power to commercial banks|but the regulatory power was kept
    century
    that’s not a law of physics that just|happens to be the arrangements to settle
    for her and if it turns out that people|want democratic-controlled with
    different kinds of money I i think we|should be open to those look if we’ve
    been sitting in this studio 400 years|ago complaining about the way money
    worked
    look we have all these silver coins that|will clip is not enough in circulation
    we’re moving from feudalism to a money|wage economy is enough money to pay the
    wages blah blah
    what are we going to do none of us would|have thought there’s going to be a bank
    of england a gold standard and you know|we wouldn’t have seen it coming and I
    feel we’re in that same situation i do|too . the world things really is going
    to be changed yeah we’re really all|about this is this whole idea everybody
    is much lesser constant but yes
    japan and america treats and such as|ever used to set it up with the travels
    of Marco Polo so this is 1300 he was in|China and he’s saying this all these
    pieces of paper is that we saw paper|being used as money totally was unknown
    in the United West all these pieces of|paper are issued with as much solemnity
    of authority as if they were pure gold|or silver and everyone takes them
    readily for wherever a person may go|throughout the Great Khan dominions
    you’ll find these pieces of paper and|we’ll be able to transact all sales and
    purchases of goods by means of them just|as if they were pure gold
    I know is Marco Polo actually a standard|and that the the packs card the the
    because that drove up the amount of|Commerce inside the cons Empire because
    it made trading easier it had immediate|economic benefit to the that of course
    he had he had a slightly more effective|acceptance policy which is if you didn’t
    accept the paper money he would kill you|but at least you knew where you stood by
    going to wrap this up with Lana and then|regretted Michael on this idea which I
    must admit it’s news to me but you can|have all sorts of local currencies
    different monetary arrangement different|ways of creating money digital cash
    whatever and that in the future that may|well be the way we go that there will be
    less unified money systems true Lana|yeah I actually think even though I i
    love local currencies and I think|they’re fascinating i actually think
    that where I’m really watching the|future of money and what I’m really
    paying attention to is frequent flyer|miles and loyalty points and this sort
    of thing if you go to various airports|in the US you can see that everything in
    the terminals is denominated in frequent|flyer miles and if you are
    enter your account information you can|pay for your meal you can pay $MONEY for
    a bottle of water in frequent flyer|miles and people i know where management
    consultants who who spend who get|frequent flyer miles off of their travel
    credit card and also from doing all|their flying will pick jobs based on
    whether or not that comes the company|that they are working for falls within
    them their preferred miles and rewards|programs the starbucks rewards program
    is the most successful mobile payment|system in the u.s. because people love
    their starbucks rewards so what I see|and sort of what I fear is not that
    people are going to cluster around new|alternative many forms express their
    ideals and their identities in their|local communities but that map their
    preferred arrangements of brands and of|of medium multinational corporations
    that are creating these various|alliances to accept each other’s miles
    so the question will be over us starwood|person or are you a member of another
    Allah you travel . Orion yes well Brett|I can see but that may not take things
    the way you enjoy that rather than|having local communities coming up with
    their occurrences will have community|centered around corporations loyalty
    programs i mean remind the corporate|loyalty programs end up back in the
    normal fiat money money system
    I mean in the end that’s what they want|to get right so so these are designed
    episode of walled garden currencies to|get people to become loyal customers and
    I I mean look I work a lot about into|currency systems from your crypto
    systems down to like local currency|systems and the key thing about these is
    they go against the grain of the|trajectory of most local economies which
    towards greater scale and greatest|centralization so you always on the back
    foot if you tried to implement a small|local currency so I don’t remember sighs
    these types of systems what I’d like to|maybe see is in the context of the
    technology is getting more accessible|and easier to actually use so the a to
    believe they can be a flourishing of|alternative currency systems but I don’t
    somehow think you’re going to solve all|the problems of the existing extremely
    powerful banking sector by just|implementing a bunch of local currencies
    you need policy
    also the changes and Michael yeah I get|the feeling you have more faith in some
    of these larger scale systems not really|i think um i’m also in favor of the
    local currencies and this is something|of personal observed that are at a
    normal level for example you when you go|to the linear you see that these people
    who made their cars in the evening and|they take this meal to a corporative and
    they get this card that says Michael|positive 20 litres of milk and that what
    basically that means it means the|corporative was in X amount of money but
    what’s interesting there is when this|puzzle goes away with the card he can’t
    really use it anywhere
    well whereas I think that’s value so|what I could imagine happening is such a
    card could be acceptable in such a|community so that even though you don’t
    get immediate cash you can use your card|that has a value and going to the local
    shopkeeper and exchange your milk card|for for goods and Sophia while also very
    later before the is something that’s|happening with social something that’s
    happening in informal communities I|think that is an organization called
    that organized something called|bangla-pesa which is like virtual money
    so i think this is this is what I expect|to see what the trouble is a
    government’s going to put in the proper|policies to allow something like this to
    tribe but I find that this really works|for the local communities the local
    communities are most trying to buy this|they get a higher circulation of money
    between the localized economy it’s good|for them basically closed but I before
    the Industrial Revolution we lived in|essentially reputation economies there
    wasn’t very much money in circulation|and commerce proceed on the basis of
    these ledger entries that you were|talking about me people knew I OG milk
    you owed me
    we and and things work themselves out|right when that vanished into the sort
    of urban anonymity of the Industrial|Revolution money became a substitute for
    that kind of memory because of the|social networks the internet mobile
    phones were going back to that sort of|situation where if I if I paid milk into
    the local cooperative then Brett would|know and he could give me something else
    of value for it and that sounds odd if|you think about in terms of
    buy paper vouchers in your wallet but|that’s not really what’s going on you’re
    talking about these vast Ledger’s we|should keep track of these things so
    personally I i tend to view cities is|actually probably one of the key players
    in the future of this but I i agree this|the shift towards community locality
    values that seems more of a pointed to|the future of money to me than something
    like Bitcoin a fascinating discussion|and one is just taking us into a whole
    new areas thank you very much indeed|that you Dave birch Brett scott schwartz
    and Michael kimani if you’d like to|listen to it again and it might be one
    of those programs that would benefit|from a second listen so you can get your
    head around it then they’re just go to|BBC world service . com /a newshour
    extra and if you want to get in touch|with us and news hour . extra at BBC .
    co . UK but for now that’s it thanks for|listening thanks very much to the panel
    for that interesting contributions after|news out

     

     


Un “Jardín de la victoria” orgánico

Sobre los Jardines de la Victoria:

“Los Jardines de la victoria, también llamados jardines de la guerra o jardines de alimentos para la defensa, fueron jardines de vegetales, frutas y hierbas plantados en residencias privadas en Estados Unidos, Canadá, y el Reino Unido durante la Primera Guerra Mundial y Segunda Guerra Mundial para reducir la presión que ejercía el esfuerzo de la guerra en el suministro de comida para la población. Además de ayudar en forma indirecta al esfuerzo para la guerra, también eran considerados un “potenciador de la moral” civil— en cuanto a que los jardineros podían sentirse útiles mediante su contribución y reconocidos por los productos que aportaban.”

“Estos jardines producían casi un 40 por ciento de todo el consumo de vegetales de la nación. En forma ideal, si las casas podían autoabastecerse con su producción de papas y zanahorias, la producción industrial de papas y zanahorias quedaba disponible a bajo precio para que el Departamento de Guerra la pudiera comprar (ahorrando fondos que se podían usar en construir bombarderos y tanques) y enviarla al extranjero para alimentar a las tropas, al respecto un afiche decía : “Nuestra comida está luchando””

Fuente Wikipedia


Un video del año 1942 sobre los Jardines de la Victoria


Habría que hacerle los subtítulos:

Cómo cultivar un huerto ecológico: Episodio 1: Planificación


  1. Episodio 1
  2. Episodio 2
  3. Episodio 3
  4. Episodio 4
  5. Episodio 5